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Global Status of UPRT Rules

Posted by: IDTadmin | Posted on: July 4th, 2015 | 0 Comments

A wave of Loss of Control In-Flight (LOC-I) accidents over the past decade has spurred a flood of activities to curb this threat to aviation safety. In 2009, the Royal Aeronautical Society’s ICATEE committee defined that, in order to develop airplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training, pilots would need skills of awareness, recognition, avoidance and recovery. ICATEE’s task analysis determined that 56 percent of the training footprint could be covered by knowledge and with better use of today’s Level D / Type 7 simulators, without modification. With enhancements to these devices (instructor station feedback, better matching of stall-related buffet and validated post-stall aero modelling), nearly 85% of the training requirements could be achieved. This would cover the recovery portion as well. While unusual attitude training helps hone some useful recovery skills, it incompletely addresses a key contributing factor uncovered in actual incidents and accidents: the startle factor..

ICATEE created the core content of the ICAO 100011 “Manual of Aeroplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training”. The FAA and ICAO created the LOCART working group to finalize this document, referenced in ICAO Annex 1, Annex 6, and PANS-TRG.

The FAA has issued Part 121-423, AC 120-109, AC 120-109A (draft) and AC 120-111 to deal with the requirements for UPRT, including post-stall training in simulators. These followed the Congressional mandate and Public Law 111-216, signed by President Obama in 2010.

EASA issued in May 2015 additional acceptable means of compliance (AMC) and guidance material (GM) for UPRT during operator conversion and recurrent training programs in ORO.FC.220 and ORO.FC.230 respectively of the EU Air Operations Regulations. Operators in Europe must comply with this UPRT by May 2016 as required by the corresponding ED Decision 2015/012/R. For the licensing level and instructor qualification requirements, additional draft EASA materials are to be published for public consultation in summer 2015, including the use of aircraft to train pilots at CPL/MPL levels, and for instructor training.

EASA is currently considering whether to include full-stall training in its requirements and it is monitoring the global developments in this area. it would make sense to adopt globally-harmonized methods. Going back to basics, ICATEE learned that it is in fact the un-learning of negative traits, like fighting the controls in the presence of potentially confusing aircraft response near the stall, that requires the greatest attention. In any case, the global effort to implement these best practices continues as ICAO, IATA and leaders in this field continue to educate the industry. In the end, the quality of instructional skills transfer and assurance of safety in both operations and during training are what matter. Accentuate the positive. Eliminate the negative.

Dr. Sunjoo Advani, president IDT b.v.

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