To support this ambitious project, the consortium is composed in a multi-disciplinary manner, involving research organizations and academia, on the one hand, and industrial companies and end users on the other hand. All partners have been chosen due to their proven excellence and/or innovation in their field of expertise. They are all highly committed to the objectives of this project and are determined to achieve them according to the highest standards. The knowledge and expertise of the participants complement each other.
The consortium comprises nine partners from six different countries within the EU and associated states:
• 2 research organizations (NLR, DLR);
• 1 consultancy SME (IDT)
• 3 universities (Linköping University, Vienna University, Medical University of Vienna);
• 2 industrial partners (Airbus, Boeing);
• 1 end user SME (Global Training Aviation).
Each of the partners brings a unique added value to the project and so the set of skills and competencies are complete.
Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR), Amsterdam, Netherlands
The Netherlands Aerospace Centre (NLR) in the Netherlands is a non profit technological research institute performing applied aerospace research on areas such as aerospace vehicles, aircraft systems and applications, air traffic management, and related research. The activities include concept development, system technology, advanced information processing and planning, human factors, and simulation.
NLR’s activities are performed by around 700 scientists and engineers working in projects that are market-oriented, independent, socially relevant, and without profit priority. By acting so, NLR can adequately respond to the need for objective scientific knowledge and technology in the field of aviation and space travel, which arises from the government, agencies, the public, and industry. Thus being the natural partner for aerospace research. NLR has extensive experience in working internationally. NLR has a NEN ISO 9001 and AQAP 110 certificate for project engineering.
NLR will be project leader for the proposed project. NLR will perform the administrative management, ensure technical progress throughout the work, liaison with EC, and be the contact person in matters towards external parties. NLR is involved in all other work packages.
NLR has extensive experience in European R&D programmes. In the EC arena NLR supported projects such as CRISIS, SUPRA, FLYSAFE, SAFEE, ADAPT-IT, ESSAI, ECOTTRIS, ART, EMMA I and II, IDEA PACI, SafeSound and HILAS.
German Aerospace Center (DLR), Braunschweig, Germany
The German Aerospace Center, DLR is the national research establishment for research activities in aeronautics, astronautics, energy technology, traffic, as well as the national space agency. Total number of employees – about 6000. DLR intends to participate with the Institute of Flight Systems (IFT). IFT in Braunschweig (BS) deals with flight vehicles, its subsystems and all aspects of flight system technologies for civil and military aircraft. The fly-by-wire system of ATTAS is operated by IFT as well as its ground based simulator. Currently, IFT establishes the motion-based simulator ARES, which will be put into operation in 2012. DLR-IFT is certified according to ISO 9001 : 2008.
DLR will lead work package 2 “Operational Evaluation” and 4 “Man4Gen Framework Development”. Besides the administrative work DLR will mainly contribute to the development of system modification recommendations and the preparation of the experiments conducted on the DLR motion simulator ARES and its test aircraft ATRA.DLR is involved in all other work packages.
DLR has a long standing experience in assessing the interaction of the crew and the aircraft and specific aircraft systems. This includes the evaluation of existing systems as well as the development potential system solutions for future air transport applications. Research topics of the IFT focused on handling qualities, development and assessment of new automation as well as the design of new display concepts. Emphasis is put on the early integration of pilots in the design and assessment phase of aircraft systems. Consequently, the IFT has a significant expertise in planning, performing and evaluating experiments involving simulators and testing aircraft. Recently, IFT has performed extensive studies on pilot behaviour in unexpected, abnormal situations during the operation of 4th generation aircraft DLR has extensive experience in European R&D programmes. The DLR-IFT participated in EU funded projects, such as REAL, AWIATOR, GARTEUR, NACRE.
International Development of Technology (IDT), Breda, the Netherlands
International Development of Technology b.v. is a leader in the area of simulation technology development and application, particularly to research and engineering simulators. IDT is providing integration services for large-scale simulation projects, as well as consulting to the leaders in aviation and aerospace. IDT has been heavily involved in the area of upset prevention and recovery training, in the development of techniques to introduce objective motion cueing requirements in flight simulators, and to drive the enhancement of simulator regulatory guidelines. The president of IDT, Dr. Sunjoo K. Advani, is the chairman of the Royal Aeronautical Society’s (RAeS) International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelopes (ICATEE).
IDT will be responsible for managing the requirements through engaging the user community, participating in the research and evaluations within the project, and supporting the simulator-based experimental trails. IDT will help to proliferate the deliverables of this project to the users within the aerospace community, and ensure the right decision-makers are informed in order to make the results visible to the potential end users. Secondly, through operational experience with modern flight decks of commercial airliners (Boeing 777, MD-11, Airbus FBW), IDT will provide inputs to the Man4Gen on the general applicability of the findings.
The most important contribution of IDT will be in dissemination. With our direct links to the organisations responsible for implementation of change into aviation industry and policy, we will be able to bring Man4Gen’s results into the industry. These organizations include ICAO, EASA, the FAA, and the airframe manufacturers. The link to ICATEE, we will remain connected with the relevant entities in industry.
IDT’s principals have developed simulation capabilities for high-end research applications since 1987. We have made contributions to scientific literature on human factors, simulation evaluations, simulator design, pilot perception and action, and cockpit design. IDT has also managed projects related to flight simulation technologies, and technology transfer to other sectors such as medical rehabilitation simulation, driving simulation, rail, and other areas.
Linköping University (LiU), Linköping, Sweden
Linköping University was first founded as an independent college in 1970, and in 1975 it became Sweden’s sixth university. The Department of Computer and Information Science (http://www.ida.liu.se/) was founded in 1983, but the roots go back to the early seventies and today it is one of the largest departments for computer and information science in northern Europe. Research at the department covers a broad spectrum of topics from core computer science to applications, including cognitive science, cognitive systems, resilience engineering, human-machine interaction, simulation-based training, command-and-control systems, decision support, interaction and service design, software engineering, real-time and embedded systems, artificial intelligence, information security, information systems, and autonomous systems.
Linköping University will be leading WP1 Research & Analysis with a focus on developing methods for analysis and modeling of task performance of the pilot-automation joint cognitive system. The aim is to gain a deep understanding of the contributing factors that lead to failures in sense-making and loss of control. Linköping University will also lead WP3 Concept development where potential improvements will be formulated to procedures, training and technological system development in order to better support sense-making and regain of control upon automation system failure. In addition, Linköping University will lead Task 5.1 Test evaluation experimental plan and task 6.2 Definition of research methodologies.
Cognitive-systems engineering, Cognitive science, Resilience engineering, Sense making, Human-machine interaction, Decision-support systems and Simulation training systems.
University of Vienna (ViU), Vienna, Austria
The University of Vienna is the largest teaching and research institution in Austria with 9,400 employees, 6,700 of whom are scientists and academics. Today, the Cognitive Sciences represent one strong field of research at the University of Vienna with a strong emphasis on empirical, mostly experimental, as well as epistemological research. Research groups active in Cognitive Sciences at Vienna comprise specializations in vision (biology, cognitive psychology), in comparative studies and evolution (cognitive biopsychology; cognitive linguistics), social context (cognitive biology, neuropsychology, art history), visual communication (cognitive psychology, art history, philosophy) language (cognitive linguistics) and knowledge studies/technologies and innovation (philosophy, linguistics, cognitive psychology).The planned project will be part of the Cognitive Science Research Platform (http://cogsci.univie.ac.at/) and will profit from the interdisciplinary expertise of the participating faculties. The Research Platform also works closely together with five CEE universities.
The main tasks of the University of Vienna in this project are to deliver fundamental information and conceptual foundations on Situational Awareness and Shared Situational Awareness, support the development of experimental and scenario designs, as well as contribute to final recommendations. The ViU will be in charge of the psycho-physiological measurements together with the Medical University of Vienna.
In addition to its educational aim, the University of Vienna has a strong research focus and a track record of highly innovative interdisciplinary and translational Cognitive Science research projects relevant to aviation such as: “Modeling Visual Attention as a Key Factor in Visual Recognition and Quality of Experience”; “Psychological evaluation of switches’ haptics in car interiors”; “Innovate Now!: concept development for improving processes of innovation and knowledge creation and design of educational processes enabling innovation”, “HMIAC – Survey on Human-Machine interaction in aircraft cockpits”.
Medical University of Vienna (MUW), Vienna, Austria
MedUni Vienna is not only the largest medical organisation in Austria, it is also one of the most important top-level research institutions in Europe and provides Europe’s largest hospital, the AKH in Vienna, with all of its medical staff. With its long history and tradition, which covers 640 years, MedUni has developed into a highly modern research institution that covers an area of 40,000 m². It employs a staff of 5,000, of which 1,800 are researchers and 1,600 are medical doctors. Each year 100,000 patients are treated as inpatients in 31 university clinics, 48,000 operations are conducted and 605,000 outpatients receive initial treatment in the day-clinics. The MR Centre of Excellence, jointly founded by the departments of Medical Physics and Radiodiagnostics, was opened in June 2003. It evolved out of an interdisciplinary research group that has been active for many years. Headed by Prof. Ewald Moser, physicist, and Prof. Siegfried Trattnig, radiologist, the MR Centre of Excellence aims to combine Europe’s leading competence in methodological-technical development in the high-field MR area using new approaches in medicine with modern diagnosis. Today magnetic resonance imaging is seen as the driving force behind modern diagnosis in medicine, in particular due to its diverse applications and, contrary to computed tomography, to the non-existing radiation exposure. In order to be able to continue to partake in the front edge of world-wide research, the centre installed a 7 Tesla MR scanner in 2008.
The Medical University of Vienna will be responsible for carrying out an fMRI study to analyze Situational Awareness and will be in charge of carrying out psycho-physiological measurements together with the University of Vienna. In addition MUW will support the development of experimental and scenario designs, as well as contribute to final recommendations.
The Medical University of Vienna stands out with its high level of expertise and experience in fMRI research including topics such as “Fuzzy cluster analysis of high-field functional MRI data”, “A quantitative comparison of functional MRI cluster analysis”, and “Consistency of inter-trial activation using single-trial fMRI: assessment of regional differences”. MUW also has strong experience in psycho-physiological measurements related to aviation, such as: “Psychophysiology in ergonomics”, “Mental workload after-effects of paper/pencil vs. computerized tasks indicated by P300”.
Airbus, Toulouse, France
Airbus is one of the main aircraft manufacturers and is part of EADS, a major company in the field of aeronautics, space and defence. Our products line, which is composed of a wide range of single-aisle aircraft (100+ seats) up to the largest passenger aircraft in the world, the A380, gives a good overview of the scope of our industrial activities. The Airbus expertise in the technical domains in line with its sector of activity is widely acknowledged. This is particularly due to the amount of its involvement and efforts in terms of R&T.
The main task of Airbus SAS in Man4Gen is to provide expertise in the procedural and training developments during the project. Airbus will be involved in the Concept Development (WP3) and the development of industry guidelines (WP6).
The Flight Crew Training department at Airbus has extensive experience in the development of training programs, together with expert knowledge of procedures. Airbus will help to ensure that the outcome of the Man4Gen research is applicable to the industry.
Boeing Research & Development (BOE), Madrid, Spain
Boeing Research & Technology Europe (BR&T-E) is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Boeing Company. It was established in 2002 and since then has become an active member in the European R&D landscape. It collaborates actively with a variety of European Stakeholders, including European regulators, universities, research organizations, Air Navigation Service Providers and airlines. BR&T-E collaborates with various stakeholders to develop advanced system solutions and breakthrough technologies that help improve the quality, performance, environmental sustainability and safety of aerospace products and services. Past contributions to the EC FP include the FP7 project SUPRA and the FP6 projects RESET, INOUI, CAATS II and SWIMSUIT. BR&T-E is an active member of working and advisory groups of international regulatory agencies such as EASA, contributes to international standardization efforts (e.g., EUROCAE, RTCA), is active in industry initiatives such as ECAST and is represented in aeronautical organizations such as the Flight Safety Foundation and several CEAS societies.
Boeing Research and Technology Europe ensures the operational applicability of the scenarios analyzed by Man4Gen as well as the project findings. The latter task is strongly connected with developing the final conclusions (WP6), the task which is led by BR&T-E.
The Safety R&D group of BR&T-E has ample experience in working flight deck operations issues in close cooperation with Boeing Commercial Airplanes’ Safety, Flight Deck and Flight Operations organizations as well as in European Framework Program projects. The knowledge and expertise is being applied for the development of safety enhancement technologies in the continued airworthiness and product development realm. Furthermore BR&T-E is represented in a number of safety relevant international regulatory and industry working groups. This will be a key asset for the effective exploitation of the project’s findings and dissemination amongst essential stakeholders.
Global Training Aviation (GTA), Madrid, Spain
GTA is an aeronautical SME. We have 3 activities (Training, Consulting and Publishing). We were the first independent professional pilot school certified by the Spanish Civil Aviation Authority under the European Joint Aviation Regulations as E-TRTO-010. We are UNE-EN-ISO 9001 quality certified. We train pilots, cabin attendants, ground personnel and management with many programs such us Ratings of Boeing, Airbus, ATR and Citation, Safety, Security, etc. We have written and edited 25 aviation books, both technical and historic ones.
GTA is primarily involved as an end-user (Flight Training Provider) in the Test and Evaluation phase (WP5) and in the development of the industry guidelines in WP6. The Full Motion Airbus A320 simulator will be used for the training development evaluation tests.
The experience of the GTA staff in Flight Training, consultancy and in publishing for the Aviation industry will be applied in the Man4Gen project.