Summary description of work package structure
Work package 1 (Research and Analysis) brings together the analysis of existing studies and reports relating to manual operation of 4th generation aircraft. Drawing on the findings of international working groups such as CAST and ICATEE and a review of the industry experience it uses an analysis framework to identify the key issues for development. The analysis will be carried out from a cognitive perspective to identify the processes that can lead to a loss of control as well as from the perspective of situational awareness.
Work package 2 (Operational evaluation) investigates the outcome of this analysis in a test environment under operational conditions. Scenarios are developed that enable the critical conditions susceptible to the loss of situational awareness to be studied in an experimental setting. The evaluation includes tests in research flight simulators and test aircraft under operational conditions to investigate how the crew-automation systems function in these environments. Experiments are also developed and conducted to investigate the loss of situational awareness from a neurological perspective.
Work package 3 (Concept Development) takes the results of the operational evaluation to identify the shortcomings in the current operations and consequently the areas of improvement that are required to reduce the accident rate. The analysis will focus on the three areas of development – procedures, training and technology. By evaluating the development potential of the findings from the first phase of the project, the development areas that are applicable in the short-term will be identified. Recommendations for the medium and long-term are identified, but the focus is on short-term developments that can start to have an impact in the next 5 years.
Work package 4 (Recommendation development) develops the recommendations that can be implemented by the industry in the short and medium term. Modifications and additions to the procedures and monitoring strategies used by the crews and airlines are developed not only to prevent the loss of control/SA but also to assist crews in identifying and recovering. Training methods are identified to improve the preparedness of crews to operate 4th generation aircraft manually when required. Modifications to the cockpit system technology that are either currently available – but not (widely) used – or are not yet fully implemented will be developed for testing. This will include the associated training and procedures required for these systems.
Work package 5 (Test & Evaluation) evaluates the recommendations that have been developed in the project. The scenarios that were developed in WP2, and research methods from WP1 are applied to the evaluation in the operational environment. The focus of the experiments will be in flight simulators where the experimental conditions can be reproduced reliably. Additional validation checks will be carried out in the aircraft and training simulator environment.
Work package 6 (Definition of Guidelines) takes the results of the recommendation evaluations to produce the final Man4Gen recommendations. The improvements in the procedures, training and in technological developments are explained and presented based on the analysis of the project, and the evaluation of the end-user partners. These are presented in terms of guidance material that can be used by the industry. The areas for improvement on a medium and long term basis, and the report of the research methods developed in the project will be presented for future use in research and development. The outcomes of Man4Gen will be presented to industry and the research communities.
Work package 7 (Exploitation and Dissemination) coordinates the output from Man4Gen during the project. Due to the significance of the research and tests being carried out to the industry, this work package will ensure that there is a continuous engagement with industry, the regulators and working groups. The results of the Man4Gen development and experiments will be presented so that they can form a basis for industry guidance material, and will be coordinated with ICAO to meet the international standards expected.