Information from the simulation and training industry

Global Status of UPRT Rules

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: July 4th, 2015 | 0 Comments

A wave of Loss of Control In-Flight (LOC-I) accidents over the past decade has spurred a flood of activities to curb this threat to aviation safety. In 2009, the Royal Aeronautical Society’s ICATEE committee defined that, in order to develop airplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training, pilots would need skills of awareness, recognition, avoidance and recovery. ICATEE’s task analysis determined that 56 percent of the training footprint could be covered by knowledge and with better use of today’s Level D / Type 7 simulators, without modification. With enhancements to these devices (instructor station feedback, better matching of stall-related buffet and validated post-stall aero modelling), nearly 85% of the training requirements could be achieved. This would cover the recovery portion as well. While unusual attitude training helps hone some useful recovery skills, it incompletely addresses a key contributing factor uncovered in actual incidents and accidents: the startle factor.. ICATEE created the core content of the ICAO 100011 “Manual of Aeroplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training”. The FAA and ICAO created the LOCART working group to finalize this document, referenced in ICAO Annex 1, Annex 6, and PANS-TRG. The FAA has issued Part 121-423, AC 120-109, AC 120-109A (draft) and AC 120-111 to deal with the requirements for UPRT, including post-stall training in simulators. These followed the Congressional mandate and Public Law 111-216, signed by President Obama in 2010. EASA issued in May 2015 additional acceptable means of compliance (AMC) and guidance material (GM) for UPRT during operator conversion and recurrent training programs in ORO.FC.220 and ORO.FC.230 respectively of the EU Air Operations Regulations. Operators in Europe must comply with this UPRT by May 2016 as required by the corresponding ED Decision 2015/012/R. For the licensing level and instructor qualification requirements, additional draft EASA materials are to be published for public consultation in summer 2015, including the use of aircraft to train pilots at CPL/MPL levels, and for instructor training. EASA is currently considering whether to include full-stall training in its requirements and it is monitoring the global developments in this area. it would make sense to adopt globally-harmonized methods. Going back to basics, ICATEE learned that it is in fact the un-learning of negative traits, like fighting the controls in the presence of potentially confusing aircraft response near the stall, that requires the greatest attention. In any case, the global effort to implement these best practices continues as ICAO, IATA and leaders in this field continue to educate the industry. In the end, the quality of instructional skills transfer and assurance of safety in both operations and during training are what matter. Accentuate the positive. Eliminate the negative. Dr. Sunjoo Advani, president IDT b.v.

Read More

IDT featured at ICAO African Region Conference on UPRT

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: July 1st, 2015 | 0 Comments

On 22 to 24 June 2015, the Eastern and Southern African (ESAF) Regional Office of ICAO held a conference on Upset Prevention and Recovery Training. Nearly 100 delegates from African national Civil Aviation Authorities, airlines and training centres participated. ICAO’s head office, APS Training, the NTSB, South African Airways, IFALPA and Kenya Airways also gave informative presentations. With its background in defining UPRT program requirements, IDT was invited to deliver several presentations. These included a global overview of the LOC-I (given together with Clarke McNeace of APS Training), UPRT implementation in flight simulators, a review of LOC-I accidents and their causal factors, and crew fatigue risk management. At the end of the conference, IDT delivered an overview and suggested the steps within a long-term plan for the African nations. South African Airways’ UPRT project leader Brad Bennetts gave an overview of their UPRT program. He mentioned that IDT provided support in establishing the program requirements and suggesting to the airline to seek financial support from its insurance underwriter. Furthermore, IDT delivered its UPRT Instructor Station Tool Kit in the SAA A340 simulator, a facility that is used daily for the training program. IDT and APS delivered the iPad Application on UPRT to the SAA pilot fleet of nearly 800 pilots. APS provided an integrated training program for ten SAA instructors through its operations in the Netherlands.

Read More

Learning to do the right thing, even when it is counterintuitive

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: June 19th, 2015 | 0 Comments

The Wall Street Journal published an article entitled “Airlines Put Pilots in a Real Spin in New Training Initiative”, featuring the work being led by IDT and its partners. Author Andy Pastor reports several airlines including Delta and South African Airways, worried about the erosion of manual skills, have adopted Upset Prevention & Recovery Training to deal with the threat of Loss of Control In Flight (LOC-I). He quotes IDT president Sunjoo Advani as stating that "Pilots must learn to do the right thing, even when it is counterintuitive”, referring to the challenge of teaching pilots to reduce the angle of attack when the airplane is in a stalled condition. The angle of attack is invariably unrelated to the airplane attitude. Too high an angle-of-attack will cause a stall to occur. An airplane can even be in a stall while also nose down towards the ground. Even then, a pilot must first “push” the nose further downwards, before anything else. Learning this is essential in order to prevent loss of control. The article further delineates the “Train-the-Trainer” concept being applied at airlines, to fully develop the skills in a small, elite team of their pilots, who then pass on this knowledge to the pilots in that fleet. For example, South African Airways has 770 pilots of which 12 have been fully “UPRT Trained” using light aerobatic-capable aircraft and flight simulators. Wall Street Journal subscribers will be able to see the entire article through this link. The full article will be released to the public in about a month time. Stay tuned - and remember to “push”.

Read More

Driving Simulator Dome Completed

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: December 2nd, 2014 | 0 Comments

December 2 2014, Sarasota, FL,USA - IDT and TRI-UHN have completed the Factory Acceptance Test of a new projection dome for a driving research simulator  (DriverLab). The driving simulator will be realised at the Toronto Rehabiliation Institute in Canada. The dome acceptance test took place in Sarasota, FL, USA. The dome has been designed by Pagnotta Engineering Inc. at Philadelpia, PA, and built by JRL Ventures Inc. at Sarasota, FL.

The dome is expected to be shipped to Toronto early next year for integration with the other driving simulation systems. IDT is the project manager and systems integrator of DriverLab, which is realized by suppliers from Canada, USA and The Netherlands.

Read More

ICATEE honoured by the RAeS

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: November 20th, 2014 | 0 Comments

The International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelopes (ICATEE) was awarded a Specialist Team Bronze Award for the Committee’s exhaustive work in addressing the challenge of reducing the number of loss of control in flight accidents and in developing a strategy for the definition of structured, standardised and validated Upset Prevention and Recovery Training. On Wednesday 5 November 2014, Co-chairman Dr Sunjoo Advani FRAeS of IDT received the award on behalf of the ICATEE team. To learn what other aerospace specialistis were honoured, please visit the Royal Aeronautical Society website. Dr Sunjoo Advani received the award from Dr Mike Steeden FRAeS, RAeS Past President and chair of the Medals & Awards Committee at the Royal Aeronautical Society in London, UK.

Read More

NOS National News Coverage of IDT’s Loss of Control Accomplishments

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: November 6th, 2014 | 0 Comments

Pilots must practice in reality how to prevent loosing control over their airplane and regain control in the case of an upset condition. The European Aviation Organization EASA is therefore changing the rules of training for commercial pilots; the USA has already mandated stall and upset training by law. IDT has helped to establish the training requirements program, featured in this national news coverage. Dr Sunjoo Advani, president of IDT, explains the need for UPRT and demonstrates a stall recovery in a flight simulator at FSC at Schiphol Airport, the Netherlands. Clarke McNeace of APS Training Europe gives classroom instruction and an in-flight exercise to South African Airways Boeing 737 pilot Warrick Meyer. On 6 November 2014, the NOS news covered the subject during the evening news. To see the news broadcast, please see Uitzending Gemist (Dutch) or version with English subtitles on YouTube. More background information on this news item can be found at the NOS journaal website (Dutch only).  

Read More

UPRT: How to train the trainer

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: September 1st, 2014 | 0 Comments

Upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) will take many airline pilots out of their comfort zone, exposing them to places unknown. For most of their instructors, too, these places until recently were unfamiliar territory. Dr. Sunjoo Advani, chairman of ICATEE and president of International Development of Technology B.V. has recently written an article in AeroSafety World magazine by the Flight Safety Foundation, to help newcomers to this subject quickly grasp the ess entials of the paradigm shift under way. The article explains how the findings and learning objectives from ICATEE are implemented in training programs and how training in flight training devices should be performed. The article also briefly discusses an UPRT instructor toolkit that IDT is currently developing. To read the full article, please refer to AeroSafety World magazine July/August 2014 page 31-35. An electronic copy can be found through the following link.

Read More

Aerodynamic Stall Can Prompt ‘Brain Stall’

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: March 27th, 2014 | 0 Comments

When pilots face an unexpected event—and with the impressive levels of reliability these days, these are indeed very rare—often there is a cognitive freezing that causes confusion or reversion to reactions developed earlier. Even the most seasoned pilot may end up acting inappropriately. Read the interesting opinion from Dr. Sunjoo Advani on Avation Week.

Read More

The Element of Surprise

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: February 20th, 2014 | 0 Comments

CAT magazine issue 1 2014 has published a new article on the need for startling scenarios as part of  Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) for airline pilots. Accident statistics show that Loss-of-Control In-Flight (LOC-I) is still the number one threat and the category with the highest fatalities. The crew's startle reaction is the leading catalyst that can take an upset airplane into an LOC-I condition. Startle management is one of the elements that should be trained, according to the authors. The article furthermore discusses stall tactics, use of aerobatic airplanes, stall models and stall training requirements for flight simulators. To read the full article, please refer to the online version of CAT magazine issue 1 2014, page 18-21.

Read More

Improvements in Motion Technology and Performance

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: January 8th, 2014 | 0 Comments

CAT 3 Magazine (issue 6) by Halldale Media has published an article on next-generation motion technology and how this technology helps to improve the performance of electric motion systems. The article refers to new technology developed by industry to improve motion system hardware and software but also to  better diagnoze and evaluate motion performance. IDT has been involved in the development of the new Objective Motion Cueing Test (OMCT) along with Ruud Hosman of AMS Consult. The OMCT checks the relative gain and phase errors between aircraft data and simulator performance at specific frequencies. The OMCT looks at the entire motion cueing system including motion drive algorithm, motion hardware and implementation time delays. The performance might be different, even across flight simulators of the same type. This is because the main part of the motion cueing system performance is still tuned subjectively (through feedback from pilots). Although subjective methods will continue to complete the OMCT, the OMCT  aims to diagonize, tune and test the main part of the motion cueing system performance through objective methods. The OMCT has shown to be a valid means of validating the performance. Tests at Flight Safety International, which were performed by IDT, have shown great improvement on current flight simulators. To read the full article, please refer to CAT magazine issue 6 2013 page 14-17 or read the online version here.

Read More

New iPad App on Upset Recovery Training Announced

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: October 23rd, 2013 | 0 Comments

Aviation Performance Solutions (APS) and International Development of Technology (IDT) announce a new upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) application for iPad specifically designed for airline and business jet operators. This academic app comprehensively delivers industry-endorsed UPRT knowledge to help mitigate loss of control in-flight (LOC-I), the leading cause of the crash-related fatalities in commercial aviation worldwide over the past 10 years.

This UPRT iPad App provides the information included in the Airplane Upset Recovery Training Aid in a format that is easy to navigate and provides individual progress tracking. The state-of-the-art presentation includes enhanced high-quality embedded graphics, videos and animations that make this vital information accessible and comprehensible for all pilots and instructors. Throughout 150 pages divided into eight modular chapters, the UPRT App has examination questions for each module and real-world examples from accident/incident data. The APS-IDT UPRT App provides correct, industry-endorsed and accurate information on UPRT in a package that is useful for both Business Aviation and Commercial Airlines. “This App provides the necessary academic foundation for the development of the practical skills necessary to prevent an airplane upset or, if necessary, to recover an airplane to controlled flight amidst a developing high-stress, time-critical airplane upset situation,” says Dr. Sunjoo Advani, Chairman of the International Committee for Aviation Training in Extended Envelopes (ICATEE), a body of over 40 organizations and 80 aviation industry experts dedicated to the standardized global delivery of UPRT, “Use of material from the Airplane Upset Recovery Training Aid ensures that all information is thoroughly vetted and applicable to high performance multi-engine jet airplanes.” The UPRT iPad App is being demonstrated at the Aviation Performance Solutions' Booth (N527) at the 2013 NBAA Business Aviation Convention & Exhibition in Las Vegas, NV - 23-24 October, 2013. For more information about the new App, click here. Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about UPRT.

Read More

Opening of the DLR Simulatorzentrum in Braunschweig

Posted by:IDTadmin | Posted on: June 19th, 2013 | 0 Comments

On Wednesday 5 June 2013, the Simulatorzentrum at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Braunschweig was officially opened. In the dedicated new building, behind an impressive glass façade, the AVES (Air Vehicle Simulator) was unveiled to dignitaries and invited guests. The AVES facility consists of an EC-135 helicopter and Airbus A320 flight simulator. Both cockpits can be used on the electric motion system that is located at the front of the facility, or in the fixed-base dome. DLR will use the AVES to develop and test new aircraft systems, safety concepts, and to investigate how pilot training can be further improved. The simulator will also be used to prepare in-flight tests with the DLR ATRA (Advanced Technology Research Aircraft), which is an Airbus A320 research aircraft, and the FHS (Flying Helicopter Simulator), which is an Eurocopter EC-135, both based at the Braunschweig Airport. IDT was involved in the concept design of the AVES during the early design phase in 2009 and 2010. IDT supported DLR with the design of a real-image projection dome concept for the Airbus A320 aircraft and EC-135 helicopter, concept design and methods to transport and exchange the two cockpits between the fixed base and motion base locations, concept design of the helicopter cockpit and instructor station, safety aspects and interfaces with the building facilities. Furthermore, IDT was involved in the qualification of the technical proposal from the AVES integrator Rheinmetall Defense Electronics (RDE) during the Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design Review.

“AVES is a great step for us into a new era of flight research at its highest stage. The cooperation with IDT is extremely valuable for us in the context of conceptual design, requirements engineering and simulation fidelity research” says Holger Duda, Head of Department Flight Dynamics and Simulation. “It is also an important milestone for IDT, because of our continuing relationship with DLR in the development and usage of this unique research capability, unlike any other in the world”, says Sunjoo Advani, president of IDT. IDT and DLR are both consortium partners in the European project Man4Gen (see The AVES and ATRA of DLR are both reserved for the experiment and test work packages in the EC funded Man4Gen project. Please have a look at the DLR website for more information.

Read More

Did you know?

IDT performs flight simulator compliancy testing Learn More